Mr. Miller is the former President and Chief Executive Officer of AXA Financial, Inc., where he held such positions from August 1997 through May 2001. During that time, he also served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of AXA Financial, Inc.’s principal subsidiary, AXA Client Solutions, and as a director of AXA Financial, Equitable Life, Alliance Capital and Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette. He also served as a member of the supervisory board and as a senior advisor to the Chief Executive of AXA Group from June 2001 through April 2003. Prior to joining AXA Financial, Mr. Miller enjoyed a successful 35-year career in banking. Mr. Miller began his banking career at Manufacturers Hanover Trust, where he garnered increasing responsibility and recognition. In 1988, he was named Vice Chairman, a position he held until 1991, when the company merged with Chemical Bank. Three years later, he was elected President. In 1996, upon the merger with Chase Manhattan, he became Senior Vice Chairman. While at Chase, Mr. Miller directed two of the largest financial services combinations in history at the time—the successful mergers of The Chase Manhattan Corporation and Chemical Bank and of Chemical Bank and Manufacturers Hanover Trust.